Coal expansion in Turkey hits headwinds, 70GW canceled or delayed since 2009 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Platts:Turkey’s plans to expand its thermal coal-fired power plant fleet have largely fallen by the wayside as the country grapples with a combination of economic and social headwinds, clouding what otherwise would have been one of the Atlantic market’s few bright spots for demand.An estimated 70 GW of planned capacity has either been cancelled or indefinitely postponed since 2009, leaving the country with 85 operating coal-fired power plants and a total operating capacity of 19 GW, according to a review of the Turkish government data and web sources. An additional 33 GW is under various stages of planning, with only 2 GW under construction.“There are quite a number of projects that will never see daylight,” a Turkish utility source said. “The ones that will burn imported hard coals are definitely dead due to diminishing availability of soft loans and Turkey’s strong policy for decreasing the current account deficit.”President Recep Erdogan’s strategy to shift utility purchases away from imported thermal coal toward domestic lignite, due to the impact energy imports are having on Turkey’s balance of trade, had been expected to fuel domestic plant construction near lignite mines, the utility source said. But the policy appears to have ground to a halt, as proposed lignite projects have been halted by strong environmentalist opposition.“With Turkey’s economy likely to contract in CY 19 and grow only slightly in CY 20, electricity demand and coal imports should continue to be limited,” Platts Analytics said.Joe Aldina at Platts Analytics said: “Some slowing in Turkey’s imports was more or less the consensus view for 2019. But there was a longer-term expectation that Turkey would be one of the few bright spots for coal demand growth in the Atlantic Basin and a number of coal sellers, particularly from the US, were looking to Turkey as an outlet for production as European imports slow (and domestic US coal demand falls). New tariffs on US coal implemented this year dash the short-term hopes of sending more US coal to Turkey, but there was still the hope that Turkey could be a longer-term partner for US suppliers.”More: Turkish coal-fired plant expansion stalls, with 70 GW shelved since 2009
The array of choices when it comes to pre-made energy bars and drinks can be overwhelming. Some are sweet, some are salty, some are fairly delicious, and let’s be honest … some are barely edible. While most are packed with nutrients, oftentimes they also contain ingredients you’ve never heard of, strange sugars, sodium and preservatives. If a $2.79 bar of processed fluff doesn’t sound satisfying during your next hike, it might be time to create your own homemade energy bars and drinks. You can choose exactly what you are putting into your bar — and your body.With all the buzz about “super foods,” it’s hard to know which ingredients are really essential for an active lifestyle. Nicole Monson, certified holistic nutritionist, recommends using chia seeds, whey protein, maca powder and hemp seeds. Chia seeds have been used by the Mayans for centuries, and elite athletes for decades, to maintain energy levels for improved stamina and endurance, perfect for your next century ride. Whey protein provides the ideal amino acid ratio that helps build muscle. Maca powder combats adrenal fatigue and contains phytochemicals, which have been shown to boost energy levels. The perfect balance of omega-3, -6 and -9 fatty acids in hemp seeds “promotes healthy levels of inflammation throughout the body and aids in muscle recovery,” said Monson, who is a nutritional health coach for Natural Grocers.Other favorites include raw cocoa powder for its antioxidants, oats for their heart-healthy soluble fiber and dates for their potassium. Tart cherries can help combat inflammation, and pumpkin seeds are a rich source of magnesium, which prevents muscle weakness. Coconut in all forms is a nutrient-rich addition: coconut water, coconut oil, coconut flakes, coconut milk and coconut sugar, which has a low glycemic index and spikes blood sugar less than other sugars, leading to fewer cravings later.We’ve created four recipes for you to try using a variety of these ingredients that can be found at any natural grocery store. Each recipe is packed with super foods … and better yet, super flavor!CHERRY CHOCOLATE CASHEW ENERGY BARS2 cups coconut flakes2 tablespoons almond butter2 teaspoons coconut oil, melted12 mejool dates, pitted and chopped (approx 1 1/3 cups)3 tablespoons whey protein powder2 tablespoons raw cocoa powder1/2 cup dried, tart cherries (unsweetened)1/4 cup crushed cashews2 tablespoons hulled hemp seedsPlace coconut flakes, chopped dates, protein powder, cocoa powder, almond butter and coconut oil into food processor. Pulse until well combined and sticky. Add in tart cherries, cashews and hemp seeds. Pulse lightly until well combined. Line 8-inch-by-8-inch pan with parchment paper. Place mixture into pan. Place a second small sheet of parchment paper on top of mixture, and press firmly to smooth out mixture into pan. Place pan in freezer. Let harden 10 to 30 minutes, and then cut into 8 bars. Keep in airtight container in the refrigerator or in the freezer, if you prefer a firmer texture. Makes 8 bars.SPICED PUMPKIN PROTEIN BAR 1 cup oats, gluten free2 ripe bananas3 tablespoons whey protein powder (you can substitute hemp or brown rice protein powder)1/8 teaspoon sea salt1 tablespoon coconut oil, softened2 tablespoons pumpkin seeds2 tablespoons chia seeds2 tablespoons hulled hemp seeds2 tablespoons crushed walnuts2 teaspoons pumpkin pie spice (nutmeg, clove, ginger and cinnamon)1/4 cup unsweetened coconut flakesPreheat oven to 350 degrees. In a food processor, combine oats, bananas, protein powder, sea salt and coconut oil. Pulse until well blended and smooth (approximately 1 minute). In a large bowl, combine pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, hemp seeds, walnuts and spice. Stir to combine, and then add wet mixture from processor. Stir to coat evenly. Mixture will be sticky. Place mixture into greased 8-inch-by-8-inch baking pan. Spread coconut flakes onto batter, pressing down firmly. Bake 15 minutes. Let cool before slicing into 6 bars. Keep in an airtight container in your refrigerator. Makes 6 bars. MACA MOCHA SMOOTHIE 6 frozen coconut almond milk ice cubes1 frozen banana, sliced2 tablespoons vanilla whey protein powder2 teaspoons maca powder1 tablespoon chia seeds1 tablespoon cocoa powder2 shots espresso, cooled1 cup unsweetened coconut almond milkPlace all ingredients in blender. Pulse until well combined. Divide between two glasses and drink immediately, or let rest in refrigerator for 30 minutes to allow chia seeds to “gel” and smoothie to thicken. Makes 2 smoothies.STRAWBERRY CHIA FRESCA 1 1/2 cups coconut water, divided2 tablespoons chia seeds1/4 cup coconut sugarJuice of 1 fresh lemon (2 tablespoons)12 frozen organic strawberries2 cups seltzer waterPlace chia seeds and 1/2 cup of coconut water into jar, and leave covered overnight in the refrigerator. When chia has worked its magic, the seeds will puff up and become a gel like consistency. When chia seeds are ready, remove from refrigerator. In small saucepan over low heat, combine coconut sugar and the juice of 1 lemon. Whisk continuously as sugar begins to dissolve; allow to dissolve completely (approximately 5 minutes). Remove from heat. Place 6 frozen strawberries in each of two large glasses. Divide the chia mixture and lemon sugar mixture evenly between the two glasses. Add 1/2 cup coconut water and 1 cup seltzer water to each glass. Makes 2 spritzers.